The contemporary experience with ground icing has provided some hard lessons, leading over the past twenty years to a much more robust set of defenses against these types of accidents. While Air Florida is perhaps the best known, it was the accidents of USAir 405 and Continental 1713, coupled with the Dryden Fokker accident in Canada, that really spurred the changes we are familiar with today.
Nonetheless, attempts are still made to takeoff with ice or frost contamination, with the same disastrous outcome.
New York, New York
January 13, 1984
Continental 1713Douglas DC-9-14
November 15, 1987